Not sure which deer? Free Online Guide: Identifying deer in the UK (2024)

Free UK Deer ID GuideSpotted a deer or snapped a photograph of one, but not sure which species it is? Use one of our free guides to help you identify it!Photo by: Ian SchofieldFREE DEER ID GUIDES

FREE DEER IDENTIFICATION RESOURCES FROM THE BDS

It’s always a wonderful feeling when you spot a deer – as they do have a tendency to be quite elusive . When you do spot them, they can still vanish in the blink of an eye. This can often make it quite hard to identify which deer you’ve seen.

You can use our free resources to help you learn how to confidently identify each of the 2 native and 4 non-native deer species that are found in the UK.

FULL LIST OF FREE DEER ID RESOURCES

HOW TO IDENTIFY A DEER IN THE UK: 5 TOP QUESTIONS TO ASK YOURSELF

The good news is there are only 6 species of wild deer in the UK! The bad news is that it can be a little difficult to tell them apart at different times of year, especially if you didn’t get a clear look so you can pick out key identification features. We’re here to help though!

Here are a few top questions to ask yourself when you’re trying to identify a deer in the UK:

Which deer is this? Click the image to find out!

1. How tall was the deer at the shoulder?

Was it a large deer standing around 1m tall?
Or was it a medium, or quite small deer, standing around 50-70cm tall at the shoulder?

2. Where-abouts in the country did you see the deer and what type of habitat was it in?

Some of our deer are found all over the country, whilst others are currently only found in specific regions. For example, you wouldn’t expect to see water deer in the Scottish Highlands.

Some deer can be found in several different types of habitat, whilst others tend to prefer more specific habitats – like wet fenlands. For example, roe deer have a preference for woodland edges or areas with copses, hedgerows and woody scrubs.

Which deer is this? Click the image to find out!

3. Did the deer have obvious antlers? How did they look?
At certain times of year the male deer of 5 of the UK deer species have distinctive antlers, although they cast and regrow themafter their rutting seasons. Did the deer you see have wide, flat, palmate antlers or narrow, pointy ones? Were the antlers short or very long with multiple points?

4. Was the deer alone or in a group?

Some UK deer species tend to be found in herds, whilst others are more often seen on their own, in pairs or just with their young.

5. Did you see any key identifying features?

Did the deer have an obvious tail or no tail at all? Did the deer have a distinctly white rump with pronounced markings, or more of a plain yellow coloured rump? Did the deer have tusks (elongated teeth)?

Need more help identifying which deer you saw?

Ask A BDS Expert!

FREE UK DEER IDENTIFICATION GUIDES

You can use our free downloadable guides to help you identify which deer you’ve seen. You are more than welcome to print these guides to use whilst you’re out and about, to share with family and friends or for educational purposes.

If you’re still not sure, or would like an expert opinion, then please don’t forget you can also use our other free resource: Ask A BDS Expert – to help you.

Get Help From Our Experts

MEDIUM-LARGE SIZED DEER IDENTIFICATION GUIDES

If you think the deer you saw was approaching 1m tall at their shoulder or over 1m tall at their shoulder then it’s likely you saw either a fallow, sika or red deer.

Watch out! Sika in the summer can have spotty coats too, which can get them mistaken for fallow deer. If they have a distinctive tail with a thick dark/coloured line down it they are most likely fallow. If their rump looks all white with indistinct dark bordering and their tail has just a thin black line down the centre, they might be a sika!

Fallow deer ID GUIDE

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red deer ID GUIDE

VIEW GUIDE

Sika deer ID GUIDE

VIEW GUIDE

SMALL-MEDIUM SIZED DEER IDENTIFICATION GUIDES

If you think the deer you saw was less than 1m tall at their shoulder or around 50cm tall at the shoulder, then it’s likely you saw a roe deer, water deer or muntjac.

Chinese water deer are mostly found in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, and Norfolk, but their range is slowly expanding south and westwards. Muntjac are more widely distributed across much of the south and Midlands, but can be very secretive.

Roe deer are found across most of the UK. They are most likely to be the deer you saw!

Chinese water deer ID Guide

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Reeves' Muntjac ID Guide

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Roe deer ID Guide

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Which deer is this? Click the image to find out!

MORE FREE IDENTIFICATION RESOURCES

In addition to downloading our free ID guides you can also visit our 6 UK deer species‘ pages. Each page includes a wealth of information about each deer species, videos and and an extensive photo gallery that provides a showcase for each species key identifying features.

1. RED DEER

2. SIKA DEER

3. FALLOW DEER

4. ROE DEER

5. CHINESE WATER DEER

6.

REEVES’ MUNTJAC

Don’t forget! You can also drop our experts a message and they will try to help you identify the deer you saw. Please include any photographs you managed to take and any questions about the deer or its behaviour that you may have.

Ask Our Deer Experts

TEST YOUR ID SKILLS! HOW MANY UK DEER SPECIES CAN YOU IDENTIFY CORRECTLY?

Not sure which deer? Free Online Guide: Identifying deer in the UK (7)

PLAY: WHICH DEER IS THIS?

How to play: look at each photograph and note down which deer species you think is shown. You get bonus points if you can also identify if the deer shown is/are male or female. Then, when you’re ready, hover over the image to reveal if you identified the deer correctly!

RED DEER STAG

A large male deer that has a distinctive mane and a rusty red/brown coat. Antlers are highly branched with multiple points. Also with a group of deer.

FALLOW DEER BUCK

Distinctive palmate (spread) antlers. A pretty deer with a tan-brown coloured coat that has clear white spots and markings.

RED DEER HINDS

Large deer with rusty red/brown coats and distinctive yellowy rumps. Also are in a group.

ROE DEER

Medium-sized deer with a prominent white rump and no tail. Large, black-rimmed ears and white spots on either side of the black nose.

ROE DEER BUCK

Short antlers, large black-rimmed ears and white spots on either side of the black nose. This is a male roe deer in his darker winter coat.

MUNTJAC BUCK

A small deer with a hunched appearance. Small, straight antlers with a pronounced V-shaped marking on it's forehead.

SIKA HINDS

A tricky one! You may have mistaken them for fallow does, but they don't have clear black or brown horseshoe markings on their rumps. However, they do have a distinct dark line running down their backs and are more grey than white on their undersides.

FALLOW DEER DOE

She's missing her spots but has the pronounced black horseshoe on her rump as well as a clear dark line down her tail.

WATER DEER BUCK

The prominent 'tusks' hopefully gave this one away! Additionally, it has large rounded ears and the characteristic teddy-bear like appearance.

How did you do?If you enjoyed the game and would like to keep honing your deer identification skills, why not follow our Facebook pageor Instagramas we share photographs and fun and fascinating deer trivia there all the time!

PLEASE HELP US TO KEEP EDUCATING & INSPIRING EVERYONE ABOUT DEER FOR FREE

If you have found our free resources about deer in the UK useful then we’d really appreciate your support in helping us keep them free for all! How can you support our work?

  • By joining as a member for as little as £5/month
  • By making a donation

Not sure which deer? Free Online Guide: Identifying deer in the UK (8)

ALL OUR FREE DEER IDENTIFICATION RESOURCES
  • UK Deer Species Pages: include information, videos and photos for each species
  • 'Which Deer Is This?' Identification Game: test your deer ID skills with this photo game
  • Ask A BDS Expert: get help with identifying a deer from one of our experts
  • Download the BDS App: identify and record deer whilst you're out and about
  • Visit the BDS Video Library: learn about deer behaviour, habitats and more!

Insights, advice, suggestions, feedback and comments from experts

Based on the information provided in the article, it is about identifying deer species in the UK. The article offers free resources and guides to help individuals identify the different deer species found in the UK. It also provides tips and questions to ask oneself when trying to identify a deer, such as considering the deer's size, habitat, antlers, group behavior, and key identifying features. The article further offers specific identification guides for medium-large sized deer (fallow, sika, and red deer) and small-medium sized deer (roe, water, and muntjac deer). Additionally, it mentions that individuals can test their deer identification skills through a photo game and access more information about each deer species on the UK Deer Species Pages. The article concludes by inviting readers to support the organization's work in educating and inspiring others about deer in the UK.

Not sure which deer? Free Online Guide: Identifying deer in the UK (2024)

FAQs

What kind of deer are in the UK? ›

Six species of deer live freely in the British countryside. Only red deer and roe deer are truly indigenous. Fallow deer were almost certainly introduced by the Normans while three Asiatic species, Reeves' muntjac, Chinese water deer and sika deer arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

How do you identify a red deer in the UK? ›

How to identify. The red deer has dark russet-brown fur, with a paler buff rump patch and a pale tail. Look out for herds of large, sturdy deer with branching antlers.

Which UK deer has a white rump? ›

Roe has a plain cream/white rump (oval shape in males and upside down heart shape in females) which can be flared when alarmed, with no visible tail. Fallow coat can vary greatly but is typically brown with white spots in summer and paler brown with white spots in winter.

What are the small deer in the UK? ›

The small, Chinese muntjac deer was introduced to Woburn Park in Bedfordshire at the start of the 20th century and rapidly spread into the surrounding area. It is now a common animal across southeast England and can be found in woodland, parkland and even gardens.

What is the large deer in the UK? ›

Red Deer. The red deer is Britain's largest native land mammal (adult stags weigh up to 190 kg and are up to around 140 cm at the shoulder).

What deer is farmed in UK? ›

UK producers mainly farm red deer although some use fallow deer.

What is the most common UK deer? ›

Roe deer are abundant throughout the UK except for Northern Ireland. They are particularly associated with the edges of woodlands and forests, but are also found in areas with copse, scrub, hedgerows and in agricultural fields.

Are red deer rare in the UK? ›

The UK is home to six deer species, but only the red and roe deer are native. Hunting and loss of woodland meant red deer were rare by the end of the 18th century. However, numbers have grown considerably over the past 100 years, thanks to habitat changes and releases or escapes from deer parks.

How big are red deer in the UK? ›

Size: Up to 1.37 metres at the shoulder, length from nose to tail is 2.01m in males. Weight: Calves 30-50kg; females 70-100kg; mature males 100-180kg, up to 225kg. Lifespan: Up to 20 years, but few deer live longer than 16 years.

What kind of deer are in Scotland? ›

Four species of deer are found in Scotland: red, roe, fallow and sika. Red and roe deer are native species.

What are the small brown deer in the UK? ›

Muntjac are a russet brown colour for most of the year, turning to a dull grey in winter. Male muntjac called bucks, females does and the young fawn. Reeves' Muntjac deer are a small but stocky species of deer and when fully grown males (bucks) weigh between 10 to 18kg as adults and females (does) weigh 9 to 16kg.

What is the smallest British deer? ›

Muntjac are the smallest deer in Britain and are about 45cm at the shoulder. They have a hunched posture due to their haunches being higher than their withers.

How rare are white deer in UK? ›

According to the British Deer Society, white deer are usually part of the fallow deer species, and sightings in the UK are said to be “extremely rare”.

What is the smallest calibre for deer UK? ›

For all deer of any species - a minimum calibre of . 240 and minimum muzzle energy of 1,700 foot pounds is the legal requirement.

Does the UK have whitetail deer? ›

While white-tailed deer are found worldwide, they are not native to Northern Europe. This animal is only found in North America and parts of Central Asia.

Does the UK have elk? ›

However, as the species was formerly found in the UK, they can be considered as Extinct in the Wild in a Scottish context.

Are there any moose in the UK? ›

They have Moose at the safari section of the Highland Wildlife Park near Aviemore in Scotland. When I last visited in August they had a family, including two calves born in May (2023).

What type of deer was Bambi? ›

In the Disney film adaptations, Bambi's species was changed from a roe deer to a white-tailed deer, which would be more familiar to American audiences. His image is a Disney icon, comparable to the recognition of Jiminy Cricket or Tinker Bell, and he is even shown on Disney stock certificates.

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